The daughters of Zelophehad : a Nigerian perspective on inheritance of land by women according to Numbers 27:1-11

Ahiamadu, Amadi (2005-04)

Thesis (MTh)--Stellenbosch University, 2005.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Chapter one of this research and its hypothesis outlines the way in which land inheritance has been applied in past decades to the total exclusion of women. This study includes mainly the Ogba and Ekpeye and concentrates on areas where the Bible has been read for nearly 100 years without any appreciable impact on the cultural restrictions imposed on women with respect to the inheritance of land. Chapter two highlights the practices of land tenure in both the ancient Near East (ANE) and ancient Israel, with specific emphasis on the concepts of ahuzzah and nahalah, the role of the kinsman redeemer (goe/) in the redemption and retension of the family inheritance, and the importance of the dowry as a substitute for land inheritance. Chapter three looks at the social and religious status of women in the ANE and ancient Israel, and illustrates the importance of women as daughters or wives. The specific inheritance rights enjoyed by women in ANE societies are also mentioned. The inheritance rights of women in South-east Nigeria and the Niger Delta are covered in chapter four. The traditional system of land holding and the relationship between this system and the socio-economic status of women are disussed. Empirical evidence from the Niger Delta communities is given and a comparison made with other groups in Niqerie. The thesis proceeds to make a functionally equivalent translation of the Zelophehad narrative (Num. 27:1-11) with the understanding that such unique texts, if properly understood, could impact on the cultural perceptions of the people in terms of the inheritance rights of women. This contrasts with the more literal, second language translations which seem not to have had any significant impact on the communities so far. The final chapter makes an evaluation of the central hypothesis. Due to logistic difficulties, the application of the results of the research to the target communities may have to wait until funds are available to test the translation within the target communities. Such a test will have to be done over a period of time to determine its impact on the problem facing women with respect to inheritance rights.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hoofstuk een van hierdie studie en hipotese fokus op die navorsingsvraag, naamlik die wyse waarop grondnalatenskap die afgelope dekades tot die algehele uitsluiting van vroue plaasgevind het. Die studie sluit hoofsaaklik die Ogba en Ekpeye in, en konsentreer op streke waar die Bybel die afgelope 100 jaar gelees is sonder enige noemenswaardige impak op die kulturele beperkings op vroue met betrekking tot die erf van grond. Hoofstuk twee bespreek die grondbesitpraktyke in beide die antieke Nabye Ooste (ANa) en antieke Israel. Spesifieke aandag word geskenk aan die konsepte van ahuzzah en nahalah, die rol van die bloedverwant losser (goel) in die aflos en behoud van die familie erfenis, en die belang van die bruidskat as substituut vir 'n nalatenskap van grond. Hoofstuk drie kyk na die sosiale en godsdienstige status van vroue in die ANa en antieke Israel, en illustreer die belangrikheid van vroue as dogters of getroudes in die gemeenskap. Die spesifieke erfregte wat vroue in die ANO geniet het, word ook genoem. Die erfreg van vroue in Suid-oos Niqerie en die Niger Delta word in hoofstuk vier gedek. Die tradisionele stelsel van grondbesit word bespreek, asook die verhouding tussen hierdie sisteem en die sosio-ekonomiese status van vroue. Empiriese bewyse uit die Niger Delta gemeenskappe word verskaf en 'n vergelyking getref met ander groepe in Niqerie. Die tesis maak 'n funksioneel gelykwaardige vertaling van die Selofgad-verhaal (Num. 27: 1-11), met die verstandhouding dat sulke unieke tekste, indien behoorlike verstaan, 'n impak kan he op kulturele waarnemings ten opsigte van die erfreg van vroue. Dit kontrasteer met die meer letterlike, tweedetaal vertalings wat tot dusver skynbaar geen noemenswaardige impak op die gemeenskappe gehad het nie. In die finale hoofstuk word die sentrale hipotese qeevalueer. Die toepassing van die resultate van die navorsing op die teikengemeenskappe sal, as gevolg van logistieke struikelblokke, moet wag tot fondse beskikbaar is om die vertaling op die teikengemeenskappe te toets. Sodanige toets sal oor "n tydperk moet strek ten einde die impak daarvan op die probleem wat vroue ervaar ten opsigte van erfreg vas te stel.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/50472
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