Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey

Pillay, Managa (2005-04)

Thesis (MPhil)--Stellenbosch University, 2005.


ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Little is known within the South African context about the prevalence of HIV in the tertiary sector. However, regional statistics have revealed the particular vulnerability of the 15 – 35 age group, and, by implication, the vulnerability of the clientele of the higher education sector. At a meeting between the Minister of Education, Prof. Kader Asmal, and the executive committee of the Committee for Technikon Principals (CTP) in February 2000, the Minister challenged the sector to become involved in the fight against AIDS and to develop educational strategies to contain, eventually, the greatest challenge ever to face the country. It is against this background that Technikon Pretoria’s HIV and AIDS response commenced. As service began to unfold and develop, it became increasingly clear that, while the Higher Education Programme offered support in terms of the basic minimum standards of the HIV/AIDS programme, there was a critical need for contextual/situational analyses of the Institution. It was then that the manager of the Centre commissioned the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Survey in relation to HIV and AIDS. It was envisaged that the study would facilitate an analyses in terms of need and relevance and would enable the service provider’s access the efficacy of service delivery. This is seen as fundamentally critical to service provision, in that the key success indicators would include an uptake of services and a reduction in infection rates, as well as addressing the stigma and discrimination associated with the disease and with HIV service provision. The Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Survey is aimed at assessing the knowledge of the participants about HIV and AIDS, and determining their attitudes towards the disease and those infected and affected. It is also aimed at assessing their sexual behaviour and practices so as to determine their risk of infection. The further significance is linked to the attempt to assess current service provision, to identify possible gaps and to redress the service components in order to offer a comprehensive, relevant and sustainable service.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Baie min is bekend oor die stand van voorkoms en voorkoming van MIV/Vigs binne die Tersiëre Sektor in Suid-Afrika. Die doel van hierdie studie is 'n Kennis, Houding en Persepsie (KHP) opname binne 'n steekproef van studente aan die Pretoria Technikon (voor die amalgamasie, en die totstandkoming van die Tswane Universiteit van Tegnologie). Die vraelys is as opnametegniek gebruik en die resultate van die studie word in die vorm van beskrywende statistiek aangebied. Die studie vind redelike vlakke van kennis oor MIV/Vigs, maar lig ook verskeie areas uit wat verder, as deel van 'n voorkomingsstrategie, aangespreek behoort te word. Voorstelle vir vernouiing van die kennisgapings en vir die daarstelling van strategië en voorkomingsprogramme binne die tersiëre sektor in Suid-Afrika word gemaak. Voorstelle word ook gemaak vir verdere navorsing binne die Tersiëre Onderwys-sektor in Suid-Afrika.

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