Cancer in children -- Diagnosis -- South Africa
The original publication is available at http://www.cmej.org.za/index.php/cmej
Childhood cancer is rare and comprises only 1% of all cancers. It usually develops from non-ectodermal embryonal tissue. Major improvement in cancer treatment and supportive care in the last 50 years has changed a fatal childhood disease to achieve a cure rate of more than 75% in First World countries, which is due to well-designed clinical trials, international collaboration in these trials, improving diagnostic tools and improved supportive care to overcome the toxicities of treatment.