The mainstream HIV/AIDS intervention strategies being rolled out in Botswana : a study of the HIV/AIDS outreach efforts for the blind people

Banda, Rhoda Mfune (2009-03)

Thesis (MPhil (Industrial Psychology))--University of Stellenbosch, 2009.


The study aimed at building a qualitative base for the HIV/AIDS advocate groups, policy makers and the civil society organisations on the exclusion of the blind people from the mainstream HIV/AIDS intervention programmes since the country first recorded its HIV case in 1985. The study was conducted in Mochudi, Kgatleng district, at Molefi Senior Secondary School, the only senior secondary school that admits learners with visual impairment (VI) which is 50km away from Gaborone, the capital city of Botswana. Molefi is co-education; therefore, both the female and male with VI come to the institution. The Researcher chose only the totally blind (TB) to participate in the survey. The institution is privileged to have two TB academic staff that was also included in the survey to represent the out of school youths. One of the staff is a newly-blinded person thus has not yet grasped Braille. Molefi was chosen because it has a substantial pool of people with VI unlike to go in search of the unknown who are scattered in the country. The mainstream HIV/AIDS intervention programmes currently going on have not been modified so that the blind people can also access them. The civil society (CS) organisations and the government sector (GS) responsible for the HIV/AIDS outreach efforts do not even carry out a survey to find out if their target population is composed of any blind people before meeting the target group. They are all taken on as if they are sighted. Even if they visit a place where there are blind, they still go about with their usual approach which does not benefit those with visual impairment.

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