Warlords in Africa : a comparative study of Jonas Savimbi and Farah Aideed

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dc.contributor.advisor Steenkamp, C. J. en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Lawack, Marvin Sylvester en_ZA
dc.contributor.other Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Political Science.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-11-27T08:41:55Z en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2010-06-01T08:46:54Z
dc.date.available 2008-11-27T08:41:55Z en_ZA
dc.date.available 2010-06-01T08:46:54Z
dc.date.issued 2008-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/2359
dc.description Thesis (MA (Political Science. International Studies))--Stellenbosch University, 2008.
dc.description.abstract Abstract: The African continent has been riddled with conflict for many years. Angola and Somalia are prime examples of countries having experienced protracted wars. During those wars, warlords have played a definite role in perpetuating the fighting. The thesis investigates warlordism in Africa. Specifically, it is a comparative analysis of Jonas Savimbi of Angola and Farah Aideed of Somalia. The thesis investigates the concept of warlords and uses the examples of Aideed and Savimbi to illustrate the impact of warlords on the respective countries. The examples of Aideed and Savimbi are further used to show that there are different ways to becoming ultimately labelled as a warlord. The role of state weakness and ethnicity will be investigated in the two cases. The discussion will highlight the points that state weakness (i.e. lack of governmental functionality) and the use of ethnicity play a profound role in the rise and survival of warlords. The case studies of Aideed and Savimbi will emphasise the influence of state weakness and ethnicity in their formation as warlords. The concept of state weakness is defined and the thesis illustrates that there are different levels of state weakness. The thesis compares Angola and Somalia, and shows that Savimbi and Aideed acted under vastly different conditions as warlords. Ethnicity is defined and linked to the idea that the effects of colonialism played a profound role in creating ethnic divisions, enabling warlords such as Aideed and Savimbi to use their ethnic backgrounds to mobilise followers to wage war. The thesis investigates how Aideed and Savimbi maintained their military organisations. Their ability to do so is related to both state weakness and ethnicity. State weakness and ethnicity create conditions which are conducive to the emergence of warlords. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University
dc.subject Warlords en_ZA
dc.subject Africa en_ZA
dc.subject Savimbi en_ZA
dc.subject Aideed en_ZA
dc.subject Theses -- Political science en_ZA
dc.subject Dissertations -- Political science en_ZA
dc.subject.lcsh Political leadership -- Africa en_ZA
dc.subject.lcsh Warlordism and international relations en_ZA
dc.subject.lcsh Angola -- Politics and government -- 1975- en_ZA
dc.title Warlords in Africa : a comparative study of Jonas Savimbi and Farah Aideed en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA
dc.rights.holder Stellenbosch University
dc.subject.name Savimbi, Jonas Malheiro en_ZA
dc.subject.name Aidid, Mohammed Farah,1934- en_ZA
dc.subject.geog Angola -- Politics and government -- 961-1975 en_ZA
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