Fruit and vegetable consumption by South African children, aged 12 to 108 months : a secondary analysis of the National Food Consumption Survey data

Naude, Celeste (2007-03)

Thesis (MNutr (Human Nutrition))--Stellenbosch University, 2007.

Thesis

INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic research strongly supports the importance of adequate fruit and vegetable intake for the promotion of human health and the prevention of chronic disease. Data suggest that fruit and vegetable consumption in children may protect against an array of childhood illnesses. Low fruit and vegetable intake has been recognized as a key contributor to micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries. Evidence indicates that fruit and vegetable consumption is inadequate in both developed and developing nations. A paucity of data on fruit and vegetable consumption exists in South Africa. Quantification of fruit and vegetable consumption is important for the worldwide drive to increase consumption and for strategy development to address inadequate consumption. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the dietary intake data (24 hour recall questionnaire (24-H-RQ) and quantified food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ)), collected during the 1999 National Food Consumption Survey (NFCS) in 12 – 108 month old children in South Africa, was conducted to ...

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