Optical and thermal applications in grapevine (vitis vinifera L.) research - An overview and some novel approaches
In this article, some optical and thermal applications in grapevine research are reviewed and methods to quantify the light and temperature regime around a grape bunch are discussed. This includes temperature measurement techniques (thermocouples and thermal imaging) as well as methods to quantify light quantity (hemispherical photography) as well as light quality (spectroradiometric applications) around a grape bunch. Available methods for real-time quantification of grapevine canopy size and density for application in variable rate technology sprayers are discussed, and a novel and simple approach of using opto-electronic sensors for quantification of grapevine canopy thickness and density is presented. Some scientific as well as practical applications of these individual techniques are discussed, along with their potential integration to improve knowledge of the grape bunch and canopy interaction with the environment.