The effect of ultraviolet-C treatment on the biochemical composition of beer

Mfa-Mezui, Antoine Aime (2012-03)

Thesis (PhD)--Stellenbosch University, 2012.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This study describes: · Development of analytical tools to investigate the light struck flavour (LSF) in beer by Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) and by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LCMS/MS). Development of a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method to analyse carbohydrates in beer. · The efficiency a pilot scale ultraviolet (UV-C) system at 254 nm to inactivate spoilage microorganisms spiked in commercial beer. Bacteria test were Lactobacillus brevis, Acetobacter pasteurianus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae · A pilot scale UV treatment of commercial and non-commercial lager beers at UV dosage of 1000 J/L. Following the UV treatment, the correlation between chemical analyses and sensory tests conducted by consumers’ tasters were investigated. · A pilot scale UV treatment of non-commercial beer brewed with reduced hops iso-α-acids (tetrahydro-iso-α-acids) at UV dosage of 1000 J/L. Sensory changes and chemical properties were investigated. · The development and optimisation of an UV light emitting diodes (UV-LED) bench scale apparatus. Chemical and microbiological tests were conducted to investigate the effect of UV-LEDs on beer at 250 nm and 275 nm wavelengths.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hierdie studie beskryf: · Die ontwikkeling van analitiese toerusting om die invloed van lig op die smaakontwikkeling in bier te bestudeer m.b.v gaschromatografie massa spektrometrie (GCMS) en vloeistofchromatografie massa spektrometrie/massa spektrometrie, asook die ontwikkeling van ‘n hoë druk vloeistofchromatografiese metode vir die analise van koolhidrate in bier. · Die doeltreffendheid van ‘n toetsskaal ultraviolet (UV-C) sisteem om die nadelige mikroorganismes waarmee die bier geïnnokuleer was, by 254 nm te inaktiveer.. Toetse is uitgevoer met die volgende bakterieë, Lactobacillus brevis, Acetobacter pasteuriants en Saccharomyces cerevisiae. · ‘n Toetsskaal UV behandeling van kommersiële en nie-kommersiële lager biere by ‘n UV dosering van 1000 J/L. Na UV behandeling is die verwantskap tussen chemiese analises en ‘n reeks sensoriese toetse deur vebruikers proeërs ondersoek.. · ‘n Toetsskaal UV behandeling van ‘n nie-kommersiële bier gebrou met verlaagde hops-iso-α-sure (tetrahidro-iso-α -sure) by UV dosering van 1000 J/L. Sensoriese veranderinge asook chemiese eienskappe is ondersoek. · Die ontwikkeling en optimalisering van ‘n UV-lig emissie diodes bankskaal apparaat. Chemiese en mikrobiologiese toetse is uitgevoer om die effek van UV lig op bier by 250 nm en 275 nm te ondersoek.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/20365
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