African pirates in the 21st century : a comparative analysis of maritime piracy in Somalia and Nigeria

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dc.contributor.advisor Swart, Gerrie en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Cyril, Prinsloo en_ZA
dc.contributor.other Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Political Science. en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-22T11:22:32Z en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-30T10:46:31Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-22T11:22:32Z en_ZA
dc.date.available 2012-03-30T10:46:31Z
dc.date.issued 2012-03 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/20142 en_ZA
dc.description Thesis (MA)--Stellenbosch University, 2012. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This study concerned the piratical attacks occurring along the East and West coasts of Africa. Although maritime piracy along the coasts of Africa is not a new phenomenon, recent upsurges in piratical attacks have attracted a great deal of attention. Despite Nigeria being long considered as the hotspot for piratical activity in Africa, the greatest upsurge of piratical activity has been seen in the areas surrounding Somalia, including the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. The primary objective of this study is to identify the main causes of maritime piracy in Somalia and Nigeria. Also the correlation between state capacity (failed or weak) and the motivations for piracy (greed or grievance) is investigated. The secondary objectives of this study are to investigate the direct manifestations of piracy, as well as the current counter piracy initiatives. This is done in order to evaluate the successes and failures of current counter-piracy approaches in order to create more viable and successful counter measures. It is found that historical factors, as well as political, economic, social and environmental factors contribute greatly to the rise of maritime piracy in both Somalia and Nigeria. Furthermore, it has been found that there are numerous direct causes of piracy in these two countries. These differences and similarities have been investigated using a comparative analysis framework. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hierdie studie het betrekking tot die seerowery wat langs die Oos-en Weskus van Afrika plaasvind. Alhoewel seerowery langs die kus van Afrika nie 'n nuwe verskynsel is nie, het die onlangse oplewing van seerower-aanvalle baie aandag geniet in verskeie oorde. Ten spyte daarvan dat Nigerië lank beskou was as die probleem-area vir seerower aktiwiteit in Afrika, word die grootste toename van seerowery in die gebiede rondom Somalië, insluitend die Golf van Aden en die Indiese Oseaan ervaar. Die primêre doel van hierdie studie is om die oorsake van seerowery in Somalië en Nigerië te identifiseer. Die verband tussen staat-kapasiteit (mislukte of swak) en die motiverings vir seerowery (gierigheid of griewe) word ondersoek. Die sekondêre doelwitte van hierdie studie is om die direkte manifestasies van seerowery te ondersoek, sowel as die huidige teen-seerower inisiatiewe. Dit word gedoen om die suksesse en mislukkings van die huidige teen-seerower benaderings te evalueer ten einde meer lewensvatbare en suksesvolle teenmaatreels te skep. Dit is gevind dat historiese faktore, sowel as die politieke-, ekonomiese-, sosiale- en omgewings- faktore baie bydra tot die ontstaan en opbloei van seerowery in Somalië en Nigerië. Dit is gevind dat daar talle direkte oorsake van seerowery in hierdie twee lande is. Hierdie verskille en ooreenkomste is ondersoek met behulp van vergelykende analises. af_ZA
dc.language.iso en_ZA en_ZA
dc.publisher Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University en_ZA
dc.subject Maritime piracy -- Somalia -- Case studies en_ZA
dc.subject Maritime piracy -- Nigeria -- Case studies en_ZA
dc.subject Maritime piracy -- Prevention en_ZA
dc.subject Somalia -- Economic conditions -- 1960- en_ZA
dc.subject Nigeria -- Economic conditions -- 1970- en_ZA
dc.subject Somalia -- Politics and government -- 1991- en_ZA
dc.subject Nigeria -- Politics and government -- 1993-2007 en_ZA
dc.subject International security en_ZA
dc.subject Nigeria -- Politics and government --2007- en_ZA
dc.subject.other Political Science en_ZA
dc.title African pirates in the 21st century : a comparative analysis of maritime piracy in Somalia and Nigeria en_ZA
dc.type Thesis
dc.rights.holder Stellenbosch University en_ZA


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