Blade row and blockage modelling in an axial compressor throughflow code

Thomas, Keegan D. (2005-03)

Thesis (MScEng (Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering))--University of Stellenbosch, 2005.


The objective of the thesis is to improve the performance prediction of axial compressors, using a streamline throughflow method (STFM) code by modelling the hub and casing wall boundary layers, and additional flow mechanisms that occur within a blade row passage. Blade row total pressure loss and deviation correlations are reviewed. The effect of Mach number and the blade tip clearance gap are also reviewed as additional loss sources. An entrainment integral method is introduced to model the hub and casing wall boundary layers. Various 1-dimensional test cases are performed before implementing the integral boundary layer method into the STFM. The boundary layers represent an area blockage throughout the compressor, similar to a displacement thickness, but affects two velocity components. This effectively reduces the compressor flow area by altering the hub and casing radial positions at all stations. The results from the final STFM code with the integral boundary layer model, Mach number model and tip clearance model is compared against high pressure ratio compressor test cases. The blockage results, individual blade row and overall performance results are compared with published data. The deviation angle curve fits developed by Roos and Aungier are compared. There is good agreement for all parameters, except for the slope of deviation angle with incidence angle for low solidity. For the three compressors modelled, there is good agreement between the blockage prediction obtained and the blockage prediction of Aungier. The NACA 5-stage transonic compressor overall performance shows good agreement at all speeds, except for 90% of design speed. The NACA 10-stage subsonic compressor shows good agreement for low and medium speeds, but needs improvement at 90% and 100% of design speeds. The NACA 8-stage transonic compressor results compared well only at low speeds.

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