The play milieu at creches in Macassar

Kruger, Maria Elizabeth (2011-12)

Thesis (MOccTher)--Stellenbosch University, 2011.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Play is widely acknowledged as a cornerstone of childhood development. Its significance stretches beyond developing cognitive abilities and school readiness to the development of social skills, emotional expression and well-being. The milieu, or environment, is recognized as highly influential with regards to occupational performance; the play environment is therefore also of great importance to child development. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the assessment of this play environment, especially in a developing country context. This study therefore focuses on the play environment at South African crèches, specifically with regards to assessing the environmental factors impacting children’s play, namely play space, play objects, play time and play mates (including caregivers). The National Guidelines of ECD Services in South Africa had already set standards relating to play space, play time and caregiver ratio’s at crèches. Criteria for play objects were established as part of this study through an extensive literature review. These criteria were then applied in a quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive survey at registered crèches in Macassar, a community in the Cape Flats outside Cape Town. The survey results indicated that crèches complied to play space and play time regulations, but that not all crèches complied with the regulations regarding caregiver-child ratio’s and play object adequacy. The crèches especially lacked in gross motor play objects. These findings emphasize the importance of establishing practical criteria and guidelines for all aspects of the play environment and enforcing those standards at day care crèches. The study also provides a useful framework for measuring the adequacy of the play environment at South African crèches.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Spel is ‘n belangrike hoeksteen in kinderontwikkeling en het ‘n noemenswaardige impak op kognitiewe ontwikkeling, skoolgereedheid, die ontwikkeling van sosiale vaardighede, uitdrukking van emosies en algemene welstand. Die milieu, of omgewing, word wyd aangeslaan vir die invloed wat dit op arbeidsverrigting uitoefen en die spelomgewing is daarom belangrik. Daar is egter ‘n tekort in kennis aangaande die spel omgewing, veral in die konteks van ‘n ontwikkelende land soos Suid-Afrika. Hierdie studie bestudeer dus die spel omgewing in Suid-Afrikaanse dagsorgsentrums. Speel-spasie, speeltyd, speelgoed en speel-maats vorm saam die omgewingsfaktore wat op die spel omgewing impakteer en die studie fokus dus op hierdie vier faktore. Die Nasionale Riglyne vir Voorskoolse Kinder Ontwikkeling in Suid Afrika het reeds standaarde gestel ten opsigte van die vewagte fisiese spasie, speeltyd en die getal kinders tot versorgers (versorger-kind verhouding) by Suid Afrikaanse dagsorg sentrums. Kriteria wat meet of daar voldoende speelgoed beskikbaar is vir kinders se optimale ontwikkeling is na aanleiding van ‘n literatuurstudie ontwikkel. Hierdie kriteria, tesame met die kriteria wat deur die Nasionale Riglyne gestel is, is gebruik om die spelomgewing by dagsorg-sentrums in die Macassar gemeenskap op die Kaapse Vlaktes net buite Kaapstad te meet d.m.v ‘n beskrywende opname. Volgens die sensus resultate voldoen die dagsorgsentrums wel aan kriteria ten opsigte van fisiese spasie en beplande speeltyd, maar ontbreek hulle ten opsigte van die versorger-kind verhouding. Die resultate dui ook aan dat al die dagsorg-sentrums nie voldoende speelgoed gehad het om die volle spektrum van kinderontwikkeling te dek nie. Hulle het veral ontbreek in speelgoed vir grof-motoriese spel. Die studie beklemtoon die belang van praktiese en spesifieke riglyne en standaarde sowel as die implementering van hierdie standaarde. Die studie verskaf ook ‘n raamwerk wat gebruik kan word in die assesering van die spel omgewing in ‘n ontwikkelende konteks, sowel as om toekomstige intervensies te lei.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/18025
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