Sparta en Athene: ’n studie in altérité

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dc.contributor.advisor Pauw, Francois R. Murray, G.N. en_ZA
dc.contributor.other University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dept. of Ancient Studies. 2007-11-13T06:25:26Z en_ZA 2010-06-01T08:33:36Z 2007-11-13T06:25:26Z en_ZA 2010-06-01T08:33:36Z 2007-03 en_ZA
dc.description Thesis (MPhil (Ancient Studies)--University of Stellenbosch, 2007.
dc.description.abstract The main purpose of this study is to investigate and describe the differences between the fifth-century city states of Athens and Sparta. The approach I use is that of altérité (“otherness”). I look in particular at four of the most important social phenomena: women, slaves, the army and the political structures. In these respects there are extensive differences between the two city states: Athens acquired its slaves through buying them or as spoils of war over time and on an individual basis; Sparta conquered and enslaved a whole nation, the Messenians, early on to serve permanently as their slaves. Athenian women enjoyed no social or legal freedom or rights; Spartan women enjoyed all these rights and could own and inherit property and goods. In Athens, since the time of Themistocles the fleet was regarded as much more important than the infantry; Sparta had very early on developed a professional infantry which was regarded as the best right through the Greek-speaking world. Athens started changing its constitution at a relatively late stage, but once started, continued to work on it until they attained an early form of democracy; Sparta never developed beyond the monarchical stage, but did adapt it to suit their needs. The second purpose of this study is to discover and attempt to explain why the above-mentioned differences are so great. The point here is not so much that Athens was the model city state which everybody tried to emulate, but rather that Sparta was the city state which was significantly different from any of the others. en_ZA
dc.format.extent 885762 bytes en_ZA
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_ZA
dc.language.iso af en_ZA
dc.publisher Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch
dc.subject Slaves -- Greece -- Sparta (Extinct city) -- History en
dc.subject Slaves -- Greece-- Athens -- History en
dc.subject Armies -- Greece -- Sparta (Extinct city) -- History en
dc.subject Armies -- Greece -- Athens --History en
dc.subject Sparta (Extinct city)-- Politics and government en
dc.subject Athens (Greece)-- Politics and government en
dc.title Sparta en Athene: ’n studie in altérité en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA
dc.rights.holder University of Stellenbosch
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