A nanosyntactic analysis of passive participles in Afrikaans

Kruger, Erin (2011-12)

Thesis (MA (General Linguistics))--Stellenbosch University, 2011.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This study focuses on the internal structure of the passive participle in Afrikaans from within the framework of Nanosyntax. The ternary mode of classification, adopted by Caha (2007), Embick (2003;2004) and Kratzer (2000), is taken as background for the analysis of the Afrikaans passive participle; the analysis is done according to the nanosyntactic account of verb event structure which was first proposed by Ramchand (2008), and adopted by Lundquist (2008) in his study of the passive participle in Swedish. The aim of the study is to determine whether the ternary classification of passive participles and the general nanosyntactic structure proposed by Lundquist for the passive participle in Swedish provide an adequate framework for the analysis of such participles in Afrikaans. Two alternative proposals, namely for a binary and a quaternary classification of passive participles, are also critically examined. The morphological difference between predicative and attributive passive participles in Afrikaans suggests that, if both the ternary classification and Lundquist.s proposal for the internal structure of passive participles are to be maintained, a structural account for this difference should be provided from within the Nanosyntactic framework. In this regard, a possible structure is suggested and discussed in Chapter 4.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hierdie studie fokus op die interne struktuur van die passiewe deelwoord in Afrikaans binne die raamwerk van Nanosintaksis. Die drieledige klassifikasie, wat gevolg word deur Caha (2007), Embick (2003; 2004) en Kratzer (2000), dien as agtergrond vir die analise van die Afrikaanse passiewe deelwoord. Die analise is gebaseer op Ramchand (2008) se voorstelle oor die nanosintaktiese struktuur van werkwoorde; hierdie voorstelle word ook gevolg deur Lundquist (2008) in sy analise van die passiewe deelwoord in Sweeds. Die hoofoogmerk van hierdie studie is om te bepaal of die drieledige klassifikasie van passiewe deelwoorde en die algemene nanosintaktiese struktuur wat deur Lundquist voorgestel word, 'n toereikende raamwerk bied vir die analise van die verskillende Afrikaanse passiewe deelwoorde. Twee alternatiewe voorstelle, naamlik vir 'n tweeledige en vierledige klassifikasie, word ook krities ondersoek. Die morfologiese verskil tussen predikatiewe en attributiewe passiewe deelwoorde in Afrikaans dui daarop dat, indien beide die drieledige klassifikasie en Lundquist se voorstel vir die interne struktuur van passiewe deelwoorde gehandhaaf sou word, 'n strukturele verklaring van hierdie verskil gebied moet word binne die Nanosintaktiese raamwerk. In die verband word 'n moontlike struktuur voorgestel en bespreek in Hoofstuk 4.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/17783
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