The BRICs and South Africa as the Gateway to Africa
South Africa has evolved as an attractive target for the enterprises from China, Brazil, and Russia all having considerable expertise in mining exploration, extraction, and processing. South Africa Incorporated spread over the Limpopo, and then across the world, supported by a home base of expertise in project management, logistics, scientific and technical services, legal and financial services, and research and development. The proposed African Free Trade Area (AFTA) will play a role in cementing such an alliance. Brazil used the moment to expand its economic influence across West Africa, China built the Tazara railway between Dar es Salaam and Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia, while Russia armed the continent from Luxor to Lobito. South Africa continued on the path of liberalization of its economy and undertook limited structural adjustment through the 1996 Growth, Redistribution and Employment strategy.