Characterisation of non-viable whole barley, wheat and sorghum grains using near-infrared hyperspectral data and chemometrics
Article in Press
Undesired germination of cereal grains diminishes process utility and economic return. Pre-germination, the term used to describe untimely germination, leads to reduced viability of a grain sample. Accurate and rapid identification of non-viable grain is necessary to reduce losses associated with pre-germination. Viability of barley, wheat and sorghum grains was investigated with near-infrared hyperspectral imaging. Principal component analyses applied to cleaned hyperspectral images were able to differentiate between viable and non-viable classes in principal component (PC) five for barley and sorghum and in PC6 for wheat. An OH stretching and deformation combination mode (1,920-1,940 nm) featured in the loading line plots of these PCs; this water-based vibrational mode was a major contributor to the viable/non-viable differentiation. Viable and non-viable classes for partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were assigned from PC scores that correlated with incubation time. The PLS-DA predictions of the viable proportion correlated well with the viable proportion observed using the tetrazolium test. Partial least squares regression analysis could not be used as a source of contrast in the hyperspectral images due to sampling issues. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2011 Springer-Verlag.