Ion exchange behaviour of 42 selected elements on AG MP-50 cation exchange resin in nitric acid and citric acid mixtures

Van der Meulen, Nicholas (2003-04)

Thesis (MSc)--University of Stellenbosch, 2003.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The equilibrium distribution coefficients of 42 elements [Li(I), Na(I), K(I), Rb(I), Cs(I), Sc(III), Ti(IV), V(IV), V(V), Mn(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Zn(II), Al(III), Ga(III), As(V), Y(III), Zr(IV), Nb(V), Mo(VI), Cd(II), In(III), Sn(IV), Sb(V), Ta(V), W(VI), Pb(II), Bi(III), La(III), Ce(III), Th(IV), U(VI), Co(II), Ag(I), Ge(IV),Mg(II), Sr(II), Ba(II), Tb(III), Yb(III), Cr(III) and Cu(II)] on Bio Rad AG MP-50 macroporous cation exchange resin in varying citric acid – nitric acid mixtures were successfully determined. The equilibrium distribution coefficients of these selected elements were determined in 0.1 M and 0.25 M citric acid at various concentrations of nitric acid, namely, 0.2 M, 0.5 M, and 1.0M, respectively. Two component [Mo(VI)-Y(III); Zr(IV)-La(III) and As(V)-Zn(II)] and three component [Nb(V)-Ta(V)-V(V)] elemental separations on a 10 ml AG MP-50 resin column were successfully determined to illustrate how the results of the above equilibrium distribution coefficients can be utilised. From the equilibrium distribution coefficients obtained for magnesium(II) and sodium(I), a proposal was put forward to modify the current sodium-22 production performed at iThemba LABS. While the results did not predict a possible separation between the two elements, a theory concerning the use of citric acid in the production was proven not to hold under the chosen conditions.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die ewewig verdelingskoëffisiënte van 42 elemente [Li(I), Na(I), K(I), Rb(I), Cs(I), Sc(III), Ti(IV), V(IV), V(V), Mn(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Zn(II), Al(III), Ga(III), As(V), Y(III), Zr(IV), Nb(V), Mo(VI), Cd(II), In(III), Sn(IV), Sb(V), Ta(V), W(VI), Pb(II), Bi(III), La(III), Ce(III), Th(IV), U(VI), Co(II), Ag(I), Ge(IV),Mg(II), Sr(II), Ba(II), Tb(III), Yb(III), Cr(III) en Cu(II)] is op Bio Rad se AG MP-50 makroporeuse kationiese uitruilerhars in verskillende sitroensuur – salpetersuur mengsels met sukses bepaal. Die verdelingskoëffisiënte is in 0.1 M en 0.25 M sitroensuur met verskillende konsentrasies van salpetersuur (0.2 M, 0.5 M en 1.0 M) bepaal. Twee-komponent [Mo(VI)-Y(III); Zr(IV)-La(III) en As(V)-Zn(II)] en drie-komponent [Nb(V)-Ta(V)-V(V)] skeidings op ’n 10 ml AG MP-50 harskolom is suksesvol bepaal om te demonstreer hoe die verdelingskoëffisiëntresultate gebruik kan word. As ’n uitvloeisel van die verdelingskoëffisiëntresultate vir Mg(II) en Na(I), is ’n voorstel ingedien om die huidige natrium-22 produksiemetode, tans in gebruik by iThemba LABS, te modifiseer. Die resultate het nie ’n skeiding tussen die twee elemente voorspel nie, maar het bewys dat ’n teorie oor die gebruik van sitroensuur in die produksie nie heeltemal korrek was onder die huidige toestande nie.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/16452
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