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dc.contributor.advisorBrink, D.
dc.contributor.authorDe Beer, Mathilde
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Agrisciences. Dept. of Genetics.
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-26T09:44:45Z
dc.date.available2011-08-26T09:44:45Z
dc.date.issued2004-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/16299
dc.descriptionThesis (MSc)--University of Stellenbosch, 2004.en_ZA
dc.description.abstractENGLISH ABSTRACT: The indigenous abalone, Haliotis midae has been a successfully cultured aquaculture species in South Africa since 1990. It has a slow growth rate and takes from two to five years to reach market size. Like for most other commercially important abalone species, the slow growth rate of H. midae is a cause of concern with regard to the profitability of farming and global competitiveness of the species. Ploidy manipulation of the maternal genome, a universally growing practice in shellfish culture, is considered a promising method to improve the growth rate of abalone - a desirable trait in aquaculture organisms from a commercial perspective. This manipulation technique is employed to achieve sterility, which results in limited gonad development. The consequent re-allocation of resources to somatic growth results in improved growth. The purpose of this study was to establish a viable method for the induction and validation of triploidy, on a commercial scale, in the South African abalone, H. midae. The focus was on hydrostatic pressure as a method of induction and flow cytometry as the method of validation. The results obtained confirm hydrostatic pressure as an effective method for the induction of triploidy in H. midae, delivering high percentages of triploidy (>80%) over a wide range of pressures and times, in 48 hour-old larvae. Hydrostatic pressure had a negative effect on survival in 20 hour-old larvae. Flow cytometry was validated as a reliable, fast and accurate, though expensive, method for identification of triploidy in H. midae. As an outcome of this study a manual of “Procedures for the Induction and Validation of Triploidy in the abalone” is presented (Appendix 1) together with recommendations for further studies on triploidy in the South African abalone, H. midae.en_ZA
dc.description.abstractAFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die inheemse perlemoen, Haliotis midae, is sedert 1990 ‘n suksesvol gekweekte akwakultuur spesie in Suid-Afrika. ‘n Kenmerk van die spesie is die stadige groeitempo van tussen twee en vyf jaar ten einde bemarkbare grootte te bereik. Soos vir die meerderheid perlemoen van kommersiële belang, is hierdie stadige groeitempo rede tot kommer met betrekking tot die winsgewende kweek en wêreldwye mededingendheid van die spesie. Die manipulasie van ploïdie van die moederlike genoom is ‘n toenemende praktyk in skulpvisboerdery en word gereken as ‘n belowende metode om die groeitempo van perlemoen te verbeter. Hierdie manipulasietegniek word gebruik om steriliteit te verkry wat manifesteer as onderdrukte ontwikkeling van die geslagsklier. Die gevolg is die herkanalisering van bronne na somatiese groei. Die doel van hierdie studie was om ‘n lewensvatbare metode vir die induksie van triploïdie op ‘n kommersiële skaal in die Suid-Afrikaanse perlemoen, H. midae, te vestig. Daar is op hidrostatiese druk as metode vir die induksie en vloei-sitometrie as metode vir die geldigverklaring van triploïdie gefokus. Die resultate van hierdie studie bevestig dat hidrostatiese druk ‘n effektiewe metode vir die induksie van triploïdie in H. midae is. Hoë persentasies van triploïdie (>80%) is oor ‘n wye reeks van drukke en tye in 48 uur oue larwes verkry. Daar is gevind dat hidrostatiese drukbehandeling ‘n negatiewe effek op die oorlewing van 20 uur oue larwes het. Vloei-sitometrie is bevestig as ‘n betroubare, vinnig en akkurate, maar duur metode vir die identifikasie van triploïdie in H. midae. As ‘n uitvloeisel van die studie word ‘n handleiding “Procedures for the Induction and Validation of Triploidy in the abalone” (Appendix 1) aangebied tesame met aanbevelings vir verdere studies rakende triploïdie in die Suid-Afrikaanse perlemoen, H. midae.af
dc.format.extentix, 105 leaves : ill. (some col.)
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherStellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch
dc.subjectAbalone culture -- South Africaen_ZA
dc.subjectAbalones -- Infertilityen_ZA
dc.subjectAbalones - Geneticsen_ZA
dc.subjectAbalones -- Growthen_ZA
dc.subjectFlow cytometryen_ZA
dc.subjectHydrostatic pressureen_ZA
dc.subjectTheses -- Geneticsen_ZA
dc.subjectDissertations -- Geneticsen_ZA
dc.titleInduction of triploidy in the South African abalone, Haliotis midae, by the use of hydrostatic pressureen_ZA
dc.typeThesisen_ZA
dc.rights.holderUniversity of Stellenbosch


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