A comparison of control systems for the flight transition of VTOL unmanned aerial vehicles
Thesis (MScEng (Electrical and Electronic Engineering))--University of Stellenbosch, 2009.
This thesis details the development of linear control systems that allow a vertical take-off and landing unmanned aerial vehicle to perform transitions between vertical and horizontal flight. Two mathematical models are derived for the control system design. A large non-linear model, describing all the dynamics of the aircraft, is linearised in order to perform optimal control using linear quadratic regulator theory. Another model is decoupled using time scale separation to form separate rigid body and point mass dynamics. The decoupled model is controlled using classical control techniques. Simulation results are used to judge the relative performance of the two control schemes in several fields including: Trajectory tracking, sensitivity to parameters, computational complexity and ease of use.