Chemical alterations induced by Pycnoporus sanguineus/Aspergillus flavipes co-cultures in wood from different tree species

Van Heerden A. ; Le Roux N.J. ; Swart J. ; Rypstra T. ; Gardner-Lubbe S. ; Botha A. (2011)


Chemical alterations following inoculation of Acacia mearnsii, Eucalyptus dunnii, E. grandis, and E. macarthurii with a Pycnoporus sanguineus/Aspergillus flavipes co-culture were investigated. Several wood chemical parameters were measured using standard methods from the pulp and paper industry. The data were described and analyzed using univariate as well as multivariate statistical techniques. Boxplots and in particular biplots show clearly how the chemical composition of each tree species was differently affected by the co-culture. Lignin content was significantly decreased in A. mearnsii, while E. dunnii showed a decrease in cellulose content. The results, therefore, indicate that the manner in which wood is degraded by a specific fungal co-culture depends on the tree species involved. This phenomenon should be considered when selecting fungi for bio-pulping. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

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