Computer-aided detection of pulmonary pathology in pediatric chest radiographs
A scheme for triaging pulmonary abnormalities in pediatric chest radiographs for specialist interpretation would be useful in resource-poor settings, especially those with a high tuberculosis burden. We assess computer-aided detection of pulmonary pathology in pediatric digital chest X-ray images. The method comprises four phases suggested in the literature: lung field segmentation, lung field subdivision, feature extraction and classification. The output of the system is a probability map for each image, giving an indication of the degree of abnormality of every region in the lung fields; the maps may be used as a visual tool for identifying those cases that need further attention. The system is evaluated on a set of anterior-posterior chest images obtained using a linear slot-scanning digital X-ray machine. The classification results produced an area under the ROC of 0.782, averaged over all regions. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.