Maternal and fetal single nucleotide polymorphisms in the epoxide hydrolase and gluthatione S-transferase P1 genes are not associated with pre-eclampsia in the Coloured population of the Western Cape, South Africa
Oxidative stress is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia. A defect in certain enzymes responsible for detoxification may cause prolonged exposure to reactive by-products and contribute to maternal endothelial as well as placental damage. Two polymorphisms affecting the function of the biotransformation enzymes epoxide hydrolase and glutathione S-transferase P1 were shown previously to be associated with pre-eclampsia in a Dutch population. The aim of this study was to determine if these two polymorphisms (maternal or fetal) contribute to pre-eclampsia in an anthropologically distinct population (the Western Cape region of South Africa) with a high incidence of the disease. Genomic DNA of mother-infant pairs with severe pre-eclampsia (n = 144), a population control group (n = 156) and control mother-infant pairs with uncomplicated pregnancy outcome (n = 45) were analysed for the EPHX and GSTP1 polymorphisms by polymerase chain reaction amplification and restriction enzyme digestion. Each polymorphism had a similar distribution in case and control subjects (mother and infant). The Val105/Val105 genotype of GSTP1 occurred at a higher frequency than reported for other populations. Neither maternal nor fetal EPHX Tyr113His and GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphisms appear to contribute significantly to the pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia in the Coloured population of the Western Cape region of South Africa. © Taylor & Francis Limited, 2004.