ITEM VIEW

Tuberculosis exposure in HIV-exposed infants in a high-prevalence setting

dc.contributor.authorCotton M.F.
dc.contributor.authorSchaaf H.S.
dc.contributor.authorLottering G.
dc.contributor.authorWeber H.L.
dc.contributor.authorCoetzee J.
dc.contributor.authorNachman S.
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-15T16:16:46Z
dc.date.available2011-05-15T16:16:46Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
dc.identifier.citation12
dc.identifier.citation2
dc.identifier.issn10273719
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/13927
dc.description.abstractExposure to TB was quantified by screening human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exposed infants aged 3-4 months for an isoniazid prophylaxis study where tuberculosis (TB) exposure excluded enrolment. Seventy-seven (10.1%, 95%CI 8.0-12.4) of 766 infants had contact with a TB source case. Nurses and lay counsellors identified 52 infants during pre-screening and doctors identified 25 during formal screening. High exposure may contribute to high rates of TB in HIV-exposed infants. Programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV offer an important opportunity to screen for TB. In-depth assessment is required for evaluating TB exposure. © 2008 The Union.
dc.subjectisoniazid
dc.subjectrifampicin
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectHuman immunodeficiency virus
dc.subjectHuman immunodeficiency virus infection
dc.subjectincidence
dc.subjectinfant
dc.subjectmajor clinical study
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectmother child relation
dc.subjectprevalence
dc.subjectpriority journal
dc.subjectprophylaxis
dc.subjectscreening
dc.subjecttreatment outcome
dc.subjecttuberculosis
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectDisease Transmission, Vertical
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHIV Infections
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectInfant
dc.subjectMass Screening
dc.subjectMaternal Health Services
dc.subjectPregnancy
dc.subjectPregnancy Complications, Infectious
dc.subjectPrevalence
dc.subjectSouth Africa
dc.subjectTuberculosis, Pulmonary
dc.titleTuberculosis exposure in HIV-exposed infants in a high-prevalence setting
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionArticle


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

ITEM VIEW