Experimental values of the ionization constants for L-3,5-di-iodotyrosine and a model for ionic interactions of thyroid hormone (T3) and its nuclear receptor
Ionization characteristics of L-3,5-di-iodotyrosine have been measured under various conditions. These data, which correct an erroneous report of pK3 in the literature, have been used to estimate the ionization constants of the thyroid hormone L-3',3,5-tri-iodothyronine (T3). On this basis a reinterpretation has been made of the pH-dependent binding of the hormone to its solubilized rat liver nuclear receptor (Wilson BD and Gent WL, Biochem J 232: 663-667, 1985). The interaction may depend on the ionization of the phenolic group of T3 and an acidic group (pK'7.6) in the receptor site, leading to the formation of a hydrogen bond between the two groups. The changes of the number of binding sites with pH must then result independently from alterations in the conformation of the receptor protein.