Die effek van musiek op die immuunsisteem, emosies en longfunksie tydens die standaard fisioterapeutiese behandeling van spesifieke longpatologie
Le Roux, Frances Hendriehetta
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There has recently been a significant transformation in the medical world, in particular regarding the relation between the mind/health and mind/illnesses. The changes are briefly a revolution whereby the new approach sees the development of an illness as an interaction between the psychological, biochemical and physiological factors. Music, which is used as a clinical intervention, is perceived first through the brain, affirms this interaction between the body systems, as well as having the capacity to modify the mind and thus the biochemistry of the body. The aim of this study was essentially to supply empirical data by measuring selective parameters while the patients were receiving music intervention during the physiotherapeutic treatment for pneumonia and bronchitis. Forty adult patients who were divided into an experimental and control group, according to a random scale, participated in the research. The dependant variables that had shown significant changes amongst the experimental group after three days of physiotherapeutic treatment were as follows: the cortisol, the cortisol: DHEA ratio plasma levels, the POMS scale (that measures different moods), the peak flow measurements of the lung functions and the immune parameters, namely, CD4+ : CD8+ ratio and B-cells. The results showed that the experimental group that was exposed to the acoustic stimuli of the Magnificat in D, BWV 243 of JS Bach, experienced a more positive mood and lower cortisol levels, while the immune markers as well as the peak flow of the lungs had improved. The results of the control group showed significant implications, in that its cortisol levels increased and the POMS subscale of anger and depression showed no significant change, while the tension decreased significantly. This research provided sufficient scientific evidence to confirm the concept of a bidirectional communication between the brain and the immune system. It also showed clearly that music had the capacity to modify emotional conditions, which again influenced the endocrine and autonomic nervous system and modulated the immune systems.