Variance in employee engagement : a qualitative analysis amongst public school teachers in the Cape Winelands education district

Vermooten, Nicola ; Malan, Johan ; Boonzaier, Billy (2020)

CITATION: Vermooten, N., Malan, J. & Boonzaier, B. 2020. Variance in employee engagement : a qualitative analysis amongst public school teachers in the Cape Winelands education district. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 46:a1568, doi:10.4102/sajip.v46i0.1568.

The original publication is available at https://sajip.co.za/index.php/sajip

Publication of this article was funded by the Stellenbosch University Open Access Fund

Article

Orientation: The Global Competitiveness Index Report 2017 – 2018, which ranks the quality of 124 countries’ education system, positioned South Africa 114th. Challenges with the quality of basic education offered in many public schools across South Africa are attributed to the lack of employee engagement amongst teachers. Research purpose: The aim of this study was, firstly, to identify the most salient antecedents of variance in employee engagement amongst teachers and, secondly, to explore the relational dynamics that exist amongst these antecedents. Motivation for the study: The study was motivated by the intention to inform human resource practices and interventions that can be adopted to facilitate optimal teacher engagement and subsequently performance. Research approach/design and method: A modified version of the interactive qualitative analysis (IQA) methodology was adopted to generate and collect primary qualitative data, but the data analysis was performed in accordance with the prescribed methodology. Initial (n = 37) and follow-up (n = 28) individual interviews were conducted amongst teachers from 12 mainstream public schools in the Cape Winelands education district. Main findings: Teacher-level, school-level, community-level and societal-level determinants were identified that explain variance in employee engagement amongst teachers. Practical/managerial implications: Human resource practices and interventions that may nurture employee engagement amongst teachers are recommended. Contribution/value-add: This study identified the most salient antecedents of variance in employee engagement amongst teachers in the Cape Winelands District and the findings allow for a number of recommendations regarding interventions to facilitate teacher engagement and ultimately performance.

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