Paediatric HIV/AIDS disclosure: Towards a developmental and process-oriented approach
MetadataShow full item record
Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/10865
This item appears in the following collection/s
As antiretroviral therapy becomes more widely available in low-resource settings and children with HIV/AIDS live for longer periods, disclosure of HIV diagnosis to infected children is becoming increasingly important. This article reviews the current literature on HIV-related disclosure in light of theories of cognitive development, and argues for the adoption of a process-oriented approach to discussing HIV with infected children. Disclosure presents unique challenges to healthcare workers and caregivers of children with HIV/AIDS that include controlling the flow of information about the child's HIV status to him/her and deciding on what is in his/her best interest. Health care workers' and caregivers' views regarding disclosure to children may often be contradictory, with healthcare workers likely to support disclosing the diagnosis of HIV/AIDS to children and caregivers more reluctant to discuss the disease with them. There is a clear need for practical interventions to support paediatric HIV disclosure which provide children with age-appropriate information about the disease. © 2007 Taylor & Francis.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
External genital human papillomavirus prevalence and associated factors among heterosexual men on 5 continents Vardas E.; Giuliano A.R.; Goldstone S.; Palefsky J.M.; Moreira Jr. E.D.; Penny M.E.; Aranda C.; Jessen H.; Moi H.; Ferris D.G.; Liaw K.-L.; Marshall J.B.; Vuocolo S.; Barr E.; Haupt R.M.; Garner E.I.O.; Guris D. (2011)Background. We examined the baseline prevalence of penile, scrotal, and perineal/perianal human papillomavirus (HPV) in heterosexual men (HM). We also evaluated baseline characteristics of HM to assess factors associated ...
The zona pellucida-induced acrosome reaction of human spermatozoa involves extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation Du Plessis S.S.; Page C.; Franken D.R.; Du Plessis S.S.; Page C.; Franken D.R. (2001)Extracellular signal-regulated kinases(ERKs), belonging to the family of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), are cytoplasmic and nuclear serine/threonine kinases involved in the signal transduction of several ...
Smith, T.L.; Van Rensburg, E. J.; Engelbrecht, S. (1998)More than 20.8 million people are infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, with South Africa having one of the fastest growing HIV-1 epidemics, where an estimated 2.4 million people were infected. Thirty-two sera from 25 ...
Detection of human herpes virus 8 DNA and sequence polymorphism in classical, epidemic, and iatrogenic Kaposi's sarcoma in South Africa Engelbrecht S.; Treurnicht F.K.; Schneider J.W.; Jordaan H.F.; Steytler J.G.; Wranz P.A.B.; Van Rensburg E.J. (1997)The aetiology and detection of human herpes virus type 8 (HHV-8) DNA sequences in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a matter of intense investigation. We report on the detection of HHV-8 DNA and sequence polymorphism in different ...
Bacteriocin T8, a novel class IIa sec-dependent bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus faecium T8, isolated from vaginal secretions of children infected with human immunodeficiency virus De Kwaadsteniet M.; Fraser T.; Van Reenen C.A.; Dicks L.M.T. (2006)Enterococcus faecium T8, isolated from vaginal secretions of children with human immunodeficiency virus, produces a class IIa sec-dependent bacteriocin that is structurally different from three other class IIa sec-dependent ...
The role of histopathology in establishing the diagnosis of tuberculous pericardial effusions in the presence of HIV Reuter H.; Burgess L.J.; Schneider J.; Van Vuuren W.; Doubell A.F. (2006)Aims: To establish the influence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on the histopathological features of patients presenting with tuberculous pericarditis. Methods and results: A prospective study was carried ...
Ijpma, F. F. A.; Beekhuis, D.; Cotton, M. F.; Pieper, C. H.; Kimpen, J. L. L.; Van Den Hoogen, B. G.; Van Doornum, G. J. J.; Osterhaus, D. M. E. (2004)Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) was first described in Dutch children with acute respiratory symptoms. A prospective analysis of the epidemiology, clinical manifestation, and seroprevalence of hMPV and other respiratory viruses ...
Highly active antiretroviral treatment as prevention of HIV transmission: Review of scientific evidence and update Granich R.; Crowley S.; Vitoria M.; Smyth C.; Kahn J.G.; Bennett R.; Lo Y.-R.; Souteyrand Y.; Williams B. (2010)
Romani B.; Glashoff R.; Engelbrecht S. (2009)HIV-1 subtype C is the prevalent subtype in South Africa, with non-C subtypes being sporadically detected. The accessory genes of subtype C have not been well studied in South Africa. In this study the HIV-1 vpr region of ...
Genotypic and phenotypic analysis of the Env gene from South African HIV-1 subtype B and C isolates Treurnicht F.K.; Smith T.-L.; Engelbrecht S.; Claassen M.; Robson B.A.; Zeier M.; Van Rensburg E.J. (2002)The objective of the study was to assess the genotypic and phenotypic properties of 18 viral strains from human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) positive patients and to identify subtype C isolates for vaccine design ...