Analysis of the use of space and module-configured packaging to improve fruit export mass in a refrigerated container
CITATION: Louw, L. & Nel, S. 2019. Analysis of the use of space and module-configured packaging to improve fruit export mass in a refrigerated container. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 30(1):4-109, doi:10.7166/30-1-1879.
The original publication is available at http://sajie.journals.ac.za
The South African fruit export industry is a key contributor to thecountry’s economy, and must be managed efficiently to that ensure its vital role is maintained. Significant increases in reefer freight rates have placed substantial pressure on the fruit export industry to find new and innovative ways of improving the space / volume use of fruit in these reefer containers. Improvements must adhere to key constraints to ensure that fruit quality and shelf life are not compromised. This paper analyses the current potential for increasing the mass of stone and pome fruit that is exported in reefer containers. The study indicates that pome fruit has the greatest opportunity for improvement, whereas stone fruit has less room for improving the use of space / volume. Proposed improvement methods are: optimal packing arrangements of fruit; improved packaging and pallet dimensions (special pallet sizes); improved stacking arrangements of cartons on pallets and pallets in reefers; and lastly, the use of slip sheets instead of pallets.
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