Vulnerability and fertility in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: A households' analysis

Jay, Lonwabo (2018-12)

Thesis (MA)--Stellenbosch University, 2018.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Poverty continues to be a significant challenge for countries of the Global South. However, the antecedent is volatile, hence the persistence of vulnerability. Surveillance of poverty and fertility in the Eastern Cape suggests that there is a relationship between households’ vulnerability and fertility. The study analyses this relationship. The analysis validates or invalidates by means of deductive reasoning the hypothesis that there is a positive relationship between the vulnerability and fertility of Eastern Cape households. The study utilises descriptive (i.e. numerical and graphical summaries of vulnerability and fertility, and graphical summaries of their relationship) and inferential (i.e. correlation and regression analyses of the relationship between vulnerability and fertility) parametric statistical methods, as well as secondary and cross-sectional datasets (i.e. the 10% samples of the 2001 and 2011 South African censuses). The study concludes that there is no relationship between the vulnerability and fertility of the Eastern Cape’s households. Policy implications of the study – in accordance with South Africa’s National Development Plan (NDP) – include social security intervention strategies to reduce the Eastern Cape’s poverty by 2030. This study recommends future studies to control socio-economic and spatial dynamics of vulnerability and fertility, and the utilisation of a longitudinal approach.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Armoede bly 'n belangrike uitdaging vir lande van die Globale Suid. Die antesedent is egter onstabiel, daarom volhou kwesbaarheid. Oorsig oor armoede en vrugbaarheid in die Oos-Kaap dui daarop dat daar 'n verband tussen huishoudings se kwesbaarheid en vrugbaarheid is. Die studie analiseer dié verhouding. Die analise bekragtig of ongeldig deur middel van deduktiewe redenering die hipotese dat daar 'n positiewe verband bestaan tussen die kwesbaarheid en vrugbaarheid van Oos-Kaapse huishoudings. Die studie gebruik beskrywende (d.w.s numeriese en grafiese opsommings van kwesbaarheid en vrugbaarheid en grafiese opsommings van hul verhouding) en inferensiële (d.w.s korrelasie en regressie ontledings van die verhouding tussen kwesbaarheid en vrugbaarheid) parametriese statistiese metodes, sowel as sekondêre en dwarsdeursnee datastelle (d.w.s die 10% monsters van die 2001 en 2011 Suid-Afrikaanse sensusse). Die studie het tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat daar geen verband is tussen die kwesbaarheid en vrugbaarheid van die Oos-Kaap se huishoudings nie. Beleidsimplikasies van die studie - in ooreenstemming met Suid-Afrika se Nasionale Ontwikkelingsplan (NGD) - sluit in maatskaplike sekuriteitsintervensiestrategieë om die Oos-Kaapse armoede teen 2030 te verminder. Hierdie studie beveel toekomstige studies aan om sosio-ekonomiese en ruimtelike dinamika van kwesbaarheid en vrugbaarheid te beheer, en die benutting van 'n longitudinale benadering.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/105190
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