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Examining the impact of a mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention on the health of urban South Africans

dc.contributor.authorWhitesman, Simon L.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHoogenhout, Michelleen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKantor, Lindaen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorLeinberger, Katherine J.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorGevers, Aniken_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-22T10:37:55Z
dc.date.available2018-11-22T10:37:55Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationWhitesman, S. L., et al. 2018. Examining the impact of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction intervention on the health of urban South Africans. African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 10(1):1-5, doi:10.4102/phcfm.v10i1.1614
dc.identifier.issn2379-5042 (olnine)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.4102/phcfm.v10i1.1614
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/104714
dc.descriptionCITATION: Whitesman, S. L., et al. 2018. Examining the impact of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction intervention on the health of urban South Africans. African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 10(1):1-5, doi:10.4102/phcfm.v10i1.1614.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://phcfm.org
dc.descriptionPublication of this article was funded by the Stellenbosch University Open Access Fund.
dc.description.abstractBackground: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has been found to have significant health benefits in studies conducted in the global North. Aim: This study examined the effects of MBSR on stress, mood states and medical symptoms among urban South Africans to inform future research and clinical directions of MBSR in local settings. Setting: Participants completed an 8-week MBSR programme based in central Cape Town. Method: A retrospective analysis of 276 clinical records was conducted. Mindfulness, stress, negative and positive mood, medical symptoms and psychological symptoms were assessed before and after the intervention using self-report questionnaires. We compared pre and postintervention scores and examined the relationship between changes in mindfulness and changes in stress, mood and medical symptoms. Results: Mindfulness scores were significantly higher after intervention, both on the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills (KIMS) and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). Changes on the KIMS were associated with reductions in stress, negative mood, psychological symptoms and total medical symptoms, and improvement in positive mood. Changes in mindfulness, as measured by the MAAS, were significantly correlated only with reduced total number of medical symptoms. Conclusion: This study provides preliminary evidence for the positive health impact of MBSR on urban South Africans, and in turn acceptability and feasibility evidence for MBSR in South Africa and supports the case for larger trials in different local settings.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://phcfm.org/index.php/phcfm/article/view/1614
dc.format.extent5 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherAOSIS Publishing
dc.subjectMindfulness-based cognitive therapyen_ZA
dc.subjectMindfulness-Based Stress Reductionen_ZA
dc.subjectCity dwellers -- South Africaen_ZA
dc.titleExamining the impact of a mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention on the health of urban South Africansen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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