Simple models of three coupled PT-symmetric wave guides allowing for third-order exceptional points

Schnabel, Jan ; Cartarius, Holger ; Main, Jorg ; Wunner, Gunter ; Heiss, Walter Dieter (2017-08)

CITATION: Schnabel, J. et al. 2017. Simple models of three coupled PT-symmetric wave guides allowing for third-order exceptional points. Acta Polytechnica 57:454-461, doi:10.14311/AP.2017.57.0454.

The original publication is available at https://ojs.cvut.cz/ojs/index.php/ap/index

Article

We study theoretical models of three coupled wave guides with a PT-symmetric distribution of gain and loss. A realistic matrix model is developed in terms of a three-mode expansion. By comparing with a previously postulated matrix model it is shown how parameter ranges with good prospects of finding a third-order exceptional point (EP3) in an experimentally feasible arrangement of semiconductors can be determined. In addition it is demonstrated that continuous distributions of exceptional points, which render the discovery of the EP3 difficult, are not only a feature of extended wave guides but appear also in an idealised model of infinitely thin guides shaped by delta functions.

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