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Fungal radiation in the Cape Floristic Region: An analysis based on Gondwanamyces and Ophiostoma

dc.contributor.authorRoets F.
dc.contributor.authorWingfield M.J.
dc.contributor.authorCrous P.W.
dc.contributor.authorDreyer L.L.
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-15T15:57:20Z
dc.date.available2011-05-15T15:57:20Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
dc.identifier.citation51
dc.identifier.citation1
dc.identifier.issn10557903
dc.identifier.other10.1016/j.ympev.2008.05.041
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/10344
dc.description.abstractThe Cape Floristic Region (CFR) displays high levels of plant diversity and endemism, and has received focused botanical systematic attention. In contrast, fungal diversity patterns and co-evolutionary processes in this region have barely been investigated. Here we reconstruct molecular phylogenies using the ITS and β-tubulin gene regions of the ophiostomatoid fungi Gondwanamyces and Ophiostoma associated with southern African Protea species. Results indicate that they evolved in close association with Protea. In contrast to Protea, Ophiostoma species migrated to the CFR from tropical and subtropical Africa, where they underwent subsequent radiation. In both Gondwanamyces and Ophiostoma vector arthropods probably facilitated long-distance migration and shorter-distance dispersal. Although ecological parameters shaped most associations between ophiostomatoid fungi and Protea, there is congruence between fungal-host-associations and the systematic classification of Protea. These results confirm that the entire biotic environment must be considered in order to understand diversity and evolution in the CFR as a whole. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
dc.subjectfungal DNA
dc.subjectribosomal spacer DNA
dc.subjecttubulin
dc.subjectAfrica
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectclassification
dc.subjectDNA sequence
dc.subjectgenetics
dc.subjectmicrobiology
dc.subjectmolecular evolution
dc.subjectOphiostoma
dc.subjectphylogeny
dc.subjectProteaceae
dc.subjectspecies difference
dc.subjectAfrica, Southern
dc.subjectDNA, Fungal
dc.subjectDNA, Ribosomal Spacer
dc.subjectEvolution, Molecular
dc.subjectOphiostoma
dc.subjectPhylogeny
dc.subjectProteaceae
dc.subjectSequence Analysis, DNA
dc.subjectSpecies Specificity
dc.subjectTubulin
dc.subjectArthropoda
dc.subjectFungi
dc.subjectGondwanamyces
dc.subjectOphiostoma
dc.subjectProtea
dc.titleFungal radiation in the Cape Floristic Region: An analysis based on Gondwanamyces and Ophiostoma
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionArticle


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