Halothane genotype and pork quality. 1. Carcass and meat quality characteristics of three halothane genotypes

Fisher P. ; Mellett F.D. ; Hoffman L.C. (2000)

Article

The carcass and meat quality characteristics of three halothane genotypes in pigs were evaluated. Sixty crossbred Landrace×Large White pigs (NN=25, Nn=19, nn=16) of ±86 kg live weight were slaughtered, the carcasses chilled for 24 h at 2°C, certain carcass and meat quality traits determined and the shoulder and leg cuts deboned and cut into primal cuts. Dressing percentage of the Nn pigs was higher (P<0.05) than that of the NN and nn pigs. Carcass length was the longest (P<0.05) for the nn pigs. Midline fat measurements as well as measurements at the 2nd-3rd last rib (45 mm from the midline) indicated that the nn pigs had less fat (P<0.05) and a larger eye muscle width (P<0.05), depth (P<0.001) and area (P<0.001) than the NN or Nn pigs. This resulted in the nn pigs having the highest (P<0.05) percentage predicted carcass lean content. Fat, bone and lean yield of the shoulder identified the nn pigs with the least bone (P<0.05) and fat (P<0.001) and the highest lean yield (P<0.05), expressed as a percentage of total shoulder weight. Yield from the legs identified the nn pigs as having the lowest fat (P<0.001) and highest lean (P<0.05), expressed as a percentage of total leg weight. The primal lean cuts (topside, silverside, thickflank and rump) from the legs showed that the nn pigs had the highest values (P<0.05) for lean as a fraction of cold carcass weight. This resulted from the higher weight of these cuts (P<0.05) in the nn pigs. Calculation of bone yield in the legs showed that the femur weights were highest (P<0.05) for the Nn pigs, also when expressed as percentage of leg weight (P<0.05) and as a fraction of cold carcass weight (P<0.05). Comparison of meat quality traits show that the nn pigs had poor quality with regard to pH45 (P<0.001), pH24 (P<0.05), drip loss (P<0.001) and reflectance values (P<0.05) © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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