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Evidence synthesis and translation for nutrition interventions to combat micronutrient deficiencies with particular focus on food fortification

dc.contributor.authorLawrence, Marken_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWingrove, Kateen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorNaude, Celesteen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDurao, Solangeen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-25T07:08:50Z
dc.date.available2018-01-25T07:08:50Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationLawrence, M., et al. 2016. Evidence synthesis and translation for nutrition interventions to combat micronutrient deficiencies with particular focus on food fortification. Nutrients, 8(9):555, doi:10.3390/nu8090555
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.3390/nu8090555
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/103089
dc.descriptionCITATION: Lawrence, M., et al. 2016. Evidence synthesis and translation for nutrition interventions to combat micronutrient deficiencies with particular focus on food fortification. Nutrients, 8(9):555, doi:10.3390/nu8090555.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.mdpi.com
dc.description.abstractOver two billion people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies. Food fortification is a prominent nutrition intervention to combat such deficiencies; however, its effectiveness, risks, and ethical implications vary depending on the contexts associated with the deficiency it is addressing and the circumstances with its implementation. The aim of this research was to analyse the profile of nutrition interventions for combating micronutrient deficiency with particular focus on food fortification reported in existing systematic reviews (SRs), guidelines and policy statements, and implementation actions for nutrition. A review of secondary data available from online databases of SRs, guidelines and policy statements, and implementation actions, categorised as either “nutrition-specific interventions” (NSpI) or “nutrition-sensitive interventions” (NSeI), was conducted. Currently, there is evidence available for a diversity of food fortification topics, and there has been much translation into action. Indeed, food fortification and micronutrient supplementation interventions and NSpI more broadly dominate the profile of interventions for which there were SRs, guidelines, and policy statements available. The findings demonstrate that, although there is a rational linear relationship between evidence synthesis and translation in formulating policy and actions to combat micronutrient deficiencies, the various nutrition interventions available to help combat micronutrient deficiencies are not equally represented in the evidence synthesis and translation processes. Effective and safe policies and actions to combat micronutrient deficiencies require decisions to be informed from a body of evidence that consists of evidence from a variety of interventions. Into the future, investment in making available a higher number of SRs, guidelines and policy statements, and actions of NSeI is indicated.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/8/9/555
dc.format.extent11 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.subjectFood fortificationen_ZA
dc.titleEvidence synthesis and translation for nutrition interventions to combat micronutrient deficiencies with particular focus on food fortificationen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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