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Persistant left superior vena cava – the value of an agitated saline contrast study

dc.contributor.authorMoses, Janeen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKyriakakis, Charlesen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWeich, Hellmuthen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorRossouw, Pieteren_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHerbst, Philipen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDoubell, Antonen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-06T06:31:35Z
dc.date.available2017-04-06T06:31:35Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationMoses, J. et al. 2014. Persistant left superior vena cava – the value of an agitated saline contrast study. SA Heart, 11(3):152-153, doi:10.24170/11-3-1753.
dc.identifier.issn2071-4602 (online)
dc.identifier.issn1996-6741 (print)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/101495
dc.descriptionCITATION: Moses, J. et al. 2014. Persistant left superior vena cava – the value of an agitated saline contrast study. SA Heart, 11(3):152-153, doi:10.24170/11-3-1753.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/SAHJ
dc.description.abstractA persistant left superior vena cava (PLSVC) draining to the coronary sinus (CS) is the most common venous anomaly of the thorax, affecting approximately 0.5% - 2% of the general population, and is present in up to 10% of patients with other congenital cardiac anomalies.(1) The embryological development of the thoracic venous system is complex and subject to significant variation. Usually, most of the left cardinal system involutes, leaving only the coronary sinus, which drains the cardiac veins, and the ligament of Marshall (a remnant of the left superior vena cava).(2) The presence of a PLSVC is usually an incidental finding at either echocardiography, cardiac catheterisation or device implantation.(1) The typical echocardiographic findings are that of a dilated CS, which can be appreciated on the parasternal long axis view, the parasternal short axis at mitral valve level, the apical 2 chamber view and a modified apical four chamber view scanning down to visualise the CS (Figure 1). A contrast study with agitated saline (“bubble study”) done via the left brachial vein will demonstrate the dilated CS draining into the right atrium (Figure 2).en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/SAHJ/article/view/1753
dc.format.extent2 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherSouth African Heart Association
dc.subjectBlood-vesselsen_ZA
dc.subjectLeft superior vena cavaen_ZA
dc.titlePersistant left superior vena cava – the value of an agitated saline contrast studyen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright
dc.identifier.orciddoi:10.24170/11-3-1753


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