Natural occurrence of fusarin C, a mutagen produced by Fusarium moniliforme, in corn
Fusarin C is a highly mutagenic compound produced by strains of Fusarium moniliforme and exhibits a mutagenic activity comparable with that of aflatoxin B1 and sterigmatocystin. All the isolates of F. moniliforme and Fusarium graminearum tested were shown to produce fusarin C in culture, while none of the isolates of F. moniliforme var. subglutinans produced fusarin C. Chemical analyses of a sample of moldy home-grown corn from Butterworth, Transkei, indicated that fusarin C occurs naturally in both hand-selected visibly Fusarium infected and "healthy" corn kernels. © 1984 American Chemical Society.