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Effect of a nutrition education programme on nutritional status of children aged 3 - 5 years in Limpopo Province, South Africa

dc.contributor.authorMushaphi, Lindelani Fhumudzanien_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDannhauser, A.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWalsh, C. M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMbhenyane, X. G.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVan Rooyen, F. C.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-27T12:24:12Z
dc.date.available2016-10-27T12:24:12Z
dc.date.issued2015-08en_ZA
dc.identifier.citationMushaphi, L. F., et al. 2015. Effect of a nutrition education programme on nutritional status of children aged 3 - 5 years in Limpopo Province, South Africa. South African Journal of Child Health , 9(3):98-102, doi:10.7196/SAJCH.7958en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn1999-7671 (online)
dc.identifier.issn1994-3032 (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.7196/SAJCH.7958
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/99774
dc.descriptionCITATION: Mushaphi, L. F., et al. 2015. Effect of a nutrition education programme on nutritional status of children aged 3 - 5 years in Limpopo Province, South African Journal of Child Health , 9(3):98-102, doi:10.7196/SAJCH.7958.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.sajch.org.za
dc.description.abstractBackground. Globally, the prevalence of chronic and acute malnutrition and micronutrient deficiency is high in young children, especially in developing countries. Nutrition education is an important intervention to address these challenges. Objective. To determine the nutritional (anthropometric and micronutrient) status of children aged 3 - 5 years at baseline and post intervention. Methods. A pre-test–post-test control group design was chosen, which included eight villages (four villages in the experimental group (E); four villages in the control group (C)). The Nutrition Education Intervention Programme (NEIP) comprised ten topics emphasising healthy eating, hygiene and sanitation. Results. At baseline, 15% (E) - 22.4% (C) of children were stunted. Very few children were underweight in both groups (E = 2.5%; C = 8.2%) and only 2.5% of children were wasted in the E group at baseline. At baseline, about a third of children in both groups (E = 38.5%; C = 30.8%) had marginal vitamin A status (100 - 199.9 µg/L), while <10% in the E group (E = 7.7%) had vitamin A deficiency (<100 µg/L). According to the categories for indicators of iron status, the number of children who were in the ‘adequate’ category for serum iron, serum ferritin, serum transferrin and percentage transferrin saturation did not change in both groups at postintervention assessment. In both groups, nutritional status of children (both anthropometric and blood variables) did not change significantly following intervention. Conclusion. The nutrition intervention did not have a significant effect on indicators of nutritional status, possibly owing to its short duration (12 months) and the fact that food supplementation was not included.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.sajch.org.za/index.php/SAJCH/article/view/853
dc.format.extent5 pagesen_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherHealth and Medical Publishing Group
dc.subjectNutrition -- South Africa -- Limpopo Provinceen_ZA
dc.subjectHealth educationen_ZA
dc.subjectChildrenen_ZA
dc.titleEffect of a nutrition education programme on nutritional status of children aged 3 - 5 years in Limpopo Province, South Africaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.rights.holderSouth African Journal of Child Health
dc.provenanceZM201611en_ZA


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