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Suspected lead poisoning in two captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus) in South Africa, in 2008 and 2013

dc.contributor.authorNorth, Michelle A.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorLane, Emily P.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMarnewick, Kellyen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCaldwell, Peteren_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCarlisle, Glenen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHoffman, Louw C.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-20T06:42:15Z
dc.date.available2016-10-20T06:42:15Z
dc.date.issued2015-08
dc.identifier.citationNorth, M. A. et al. 2015. Suspected lead poisoning in two captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus) in South Africa, in 2008 and 2013. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 86(1), Art. #1286, doi:10.4102/jsava.v86i1.1286.
dc.identifier.issn2224-9435 (online)
dc.identifier.issn1019-9128 (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.4102/jsava.v86i1.1286
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/99735
dc.descriptionCITATION: North, M. A. et al. 2015. Suspected lead poisoning in two captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus) in South Africa, in 2008 and 2013. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 86(1), Art. #1286, doi:10.4102/jsava.v86i1.1286.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.jsava.co.za
dc.description.abstractWhilst lead poisoning in raptors, scavenging birds and waterfowl is well studied and common knowledge, there is surprisingly little literature detailing the risk to mammalian scavengers and captive carnivores fed hunted meat. This case report describes the death of two captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus) following acute onset of nervous symptoms. Clinical signs included hyper-excitability, seizures, arched back, tail held abnormally high and hyper-salivation. Necropsy findings included bullets or a bullet in their stomachs. Kidney and liver lead levels from one cheetah (15.6 ppm and 17 ppm respectively) were consistent with a diagnosis of lead poisoning; liver from the second cheetah was not available for testing. Both animals were routinely fed hunted antelope or game birds. This is the first report of oral lead poisoning in captive large carnivores, although these are unlikely to be the first cases. Without awareness of the risks of feeding hunted game, lead exposure will continue to be an underdiagnosed reality in the rehabilitation of endangered carnivores.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.jsava.co.za/index.php/jsava/article/view/1286
dc.format.extent5 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherAOSIS Publishing
dc.subjectCheetahsen_ZA
dc.subjectLead poisoningen_ZA
dc.subjectAcinonyx jubatus jubatusen_ZA
dc.titleSuspected lead poisoning in two captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus) in South Africa, in 2008 and 2013en_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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