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Co-detection of virulent escherichia coli genes in surface water sources

dc.contributor.authorNdlovu, Thandoen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorLe Roux, Marcellousen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Wesaalen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Sehaamen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-29T09:44:18Z
dc.date.available2016-08-29T09:44:18Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationNdlovu, T., et al. 2015. Co-detection of virulent escherichia coli genes in surface water sources. PLoS ONE, 10(2):1-12, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116808
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116808
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/99498
dc.descriptionCITATION: Ndlovu, T., et al. 2015. Co-detection of virulent escherichia coli genes in surface water sources. PLoS ONE, 10(2):1-12, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116808.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://journals.plos.org/plosone
dc.description.abstractMcNemar’s test and the Pearson Chi-square were used to assess the co-detection and observed frequency, respectively, for potentially virulent E. coli genes in river water. Conventional multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) assays confirmed the presence of the aggR gene (69%), ipaH gene (23%) and the stx gene (15%) carried by Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC) and Enterohermorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), respectively, in river water samples collected from the Berg River (Paarl, South Africa). Only the aggR gene was present in 23% of samples collected from the Plankenburg River system (Stellenbosch, South Africa). In a comparative study, real-time multiplex PCR assays confirmed the presence of aggR (EAEC) in 69%, stx (EHEC) in 15%, ipaH (EIEC) in 31% and eae (EPEC) in 8% of the river water samples collected from the Berg River. In the Plankenburg River, aggR (EAEC) was detected in 46% of the samples, while eae (EPEC) was present in 15% of the water samples analyzed using real-time multiplex PCR in the Plankenburg River. Pearson Chi-square showed that there was no statistical difference (p > 0.05) between the conventional and real-time multiplex PCRs for the detection of virulent E. coli genes in water samples. However, the McNemar’s test showed some variation in the co-detection of virulent E. coli genes, for example, there was no statistical difference in the misclassification of the discordant results for stx versus ipaH, which implies that the ipaH gene was frequently detected with the stx gene. This study thus highlights the presence of virulent E. coli genes in river water and while early detection is crucial, quantitative microbial risk analysis has to be performed to identify and estimate the risk to human health.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0116808
dc.format.extent12 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science
dc.subjectVirulent escherichia coli genesen_ZA
dc.titleCo-detection of virulent escherichia coli genes in surface water sourcesen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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