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Diagnostic reference levels for paediatric computed tomography

dc.contributor.authorVawda, Zakariyaen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorPitcher, Richarden_ZA
dc.contributor.authorAkudugu, Johnen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorGroenewald, Willemen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-26T11:34:05Z
dc.date.available2016-08-26T11:34:05Z
dc.date.issued2015-11-30
dc.identifier.citationVawda, Z., Pitcher, R., Akudugu, J. & Groenewald, W. 2015. Diagnostic reference levels for paediatric computed tomography. South African Journal of Radiology, 19(2), Art.#846, doi:10.4102/sajr.v19i2.846.en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn2078-6778 (online)
dc.identifier.issn1027-202X (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.4102/sajr.v19i2.846
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/99483
dc.descriptionCITATION: Vawda, Z., Pitcher, R., Akudugu, J. & Groenewald, W. 2015. Diagnostic reference levels for paediatric computed tomography. South African Journal of Radiology, 19(2), Art.#846, doi:10.4102/sajr.v19i2.846.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.sajr.org.zaen_ZA
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To establish local diagnostic reference levels (LDRLs) for emergency paediatric head computed tomography (CT) scans performed at a South African (SA) tertiary-level hospital and to compare these with published data. Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of volume-based CT dose index (CTDIvol) and dose length product (DLP) data from uncontrasted paediatric head CT scans performed in the Trauma and Emergency Unit of a tertiary-level SA hospital from January to June 2013. A random sample of 30 patients in each of 3 age groups (0–2, >2–5 and >5–10 years) was used. LDRL values were compared with several national DRLs from Europe and Australia. Results: Mean CTDIvol and DLP values were: 30 mGy and 488 mGy.cm for the 0–2 years age group; 31 mGy and 508 mGy.cm for the >2–5 years group, and 32 mGy and 563 mGy.cm for the >5–10 years group, respectively. The mean DLP for 0–2 year-olds was the only parameter outside the range of corresponding published reference data. Stratification into narrower age groupings showed an increase in DLP values with age. Conclusion: An institutional review of the head CT scanning technique for emergency studies performed on children less than 2 years of age is recommended. The current study highlights the role of LDRLs in establishing institutional dosimetry baselines, in refining local imaging practice, and in enhancing patient safety. Standard age stratification for DRL and LDRL reporting is recommended.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/846
dc.format.extent4 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherAOSIS Publishingen_ZA
dc.subjectHead -- Wounds and injuriesen_ZA
dc.subjectInfants -- Wounds and injuriesen_ZA
dc.subjectHead -- Wounds and injuries -- Tomography -- South Africaen_ZA
dc.subjectTomography -- South Africaen_ZA
dc.subjectPediatric emergencis -- South Africaen_ZA
dc.titleDiagnostic reference levels for paediatric computed tomographyen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyrighten_ZA


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