Delivery of antibiotics from cementless titanium-alloy cubes may be a novel way to control postoperative infections

Oosthuizen, Gert A. ; Bezuidenhout, Martin B. ; Van Staden, Anton D. ; Dimitrov, Dimitar M. ; Dicks, Leon M. T. (2015-02)

CITATION: Bezuidenhout, Martin. B., et al. 2015. Delivery of antibiotics from cementless Titanium-Alloy cubes may be a novel way to control postoperative infections. BioMed Research International, 2015(2015), ID 856859, doi.org/10.1155/2015/856859.

The original publication is available at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/

Publication of this article was funded by the Stellenbosch University Open Access Fund.

Article

Bacterial colonisation and biofilm formation onto orthopaedic devices are difficult to eradicate. In most cases infection is treated by surgical removal of the implant and cleaning of the infected area, followed by extensive treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Such treatment causes great discomfort, is expensive, and is not always successful. In this study we report on the release of vancomycin through polyethersulfone membranes from channels in cementless titanium-alloy cubes. The cubes were constructed with LaserCUSING from Ti6Al4V ELI powder. Vancomycin was released by non-Fickian anomalous (constraint) diffusion. Approximately 50% of the vancomycin was released within the first 17 h. However, sustained delivery of vancomycin for 100 h was possible by reinjecting the channels. Refillable implants may be a novel way to control postoperative infections.

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