Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Tuberculosis control has failed in South Africa : time to reappraise strategy
(Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2011)
South Africa's rate of tuberculosis (TB) has increased over the last 20 years, to now having the third-highest TB burden in the world. The TB control programme has primarily focused on effective case management of passively ...
Screening for HIV-associated tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance before antiretroviral therapy using the Xpert MTB/RIF assay : a prospective study
(Public Library of Science, 2011-07-26)
Background: The World Health Organization has endorsed the Xpert MTB/RIF assay for investigation of patients suspected of having tuberculosis (TB). However, its utility for routine TB screening and detection of rifampicin ...
High prevalence of self-reported undiagnosed HIV despite high coverage of HIV testing : a cross-sectional population based sero-survey in South Africa
(Public Library of Science, 2011-09-28)
Objectives To measure HIV prevalence and uptake of HIV counseling and testing (HCT) in a peri-urban South African community. To assess predictors for previous HIV testing and the association between the yield of previously ...
Burden of new and recurrent tuberculosis in a major South African city stratified by age and HIV-status
(Public Library of Science, 2011-10-10)
Aim To describe the burden of tuberculosis (TB) in Cape Town by calculating TB incidence rates stratified by age and HIV-status, assessing the contribution of retreatment disease and estimating the cumulative lifetime TB ...
Indoor social networks in a South African township : potential contribution of location to tuberculosis transmission
(Public Library of Science, 2012-06-29)
Background We hypothesized that in South Africa, with a generalized tuberculosis (TB) epidemic, TB infection is predominantly acquired indoors and transmission potential is determined by the number and duration of social ...
High human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in South African adolescents and young women encourages expanded HPV vaccination campaigns
(Public Library of Science, 2018-01-02)
The objectives of the study were to investigate prevalence of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes to inform HPV vaccination strategy in South Africa and to study factors associated with HPV prevalence. Sexually ...