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Exploration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to improve animal welfare by mean of genetic selection : lessons from the South African merino

dc.contributor.authorHough, Deniseen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSwart, Pieteren_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCloete, Schalken_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-06T17:35:02Z
dc.date.available2014-07-06T17:35:02Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationHough, D., Swart, P. & Cloete, S. 2013. Exploration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to improve animal welfare by mean of genetic selection : lessons from the South African merino. Animals, 3(2):442-474, doi:10.3390/ani3020442en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn2076-2615 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.3390/ani3020442
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/90595
dc.descriptionCITATION: Hough, D., Swart, P. & Cloete, S. 2013. Exploration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to improve animal welfare by mean of genetic selection : lessons from the South African merino. Animals, 3(2):442-474, doi:10.3390/ani3020442.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.mdpi.comen_ZA
dc.description.abstractIt is a difficult task to improve animal production by means of genetic selection, if the environment does not allow full expression of the animal’s genetic potential. This concept may well be the future for animal welfare, because it highlights the need to incorporate traits related to production and robustness, simultaneously, to reach sustainable breeding goals. This review explores the identification of potential genetic markers for robustness within the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA), since this axis plays a vital role in the stress response. If genetic selection for superior HPAA responses to stress is possible, then it ought to be possible to breed robust and easily managed genotypes that might be able to adapt to a wide range of environmental conditions whilst expressing a high production potential. This approach is explored in this review by means of lessons learnt from research on Merino sheep, which were divergently selected for their multiple rearing ability. These two selection lines have shown marked differences in reproduction, production and welfare, which makes this breeding programme ideal to investigate potential genetic markers of robustness. The HPAA function is explored in detail to elucidate where such genetic markers are likely to be found.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/3/2/442
dc.format.extent33 pages : illustrationsen_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherMDPIen_ZA
dc.subjecthypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axisen_ZA
dc.subjectAnimal welfareen_ZA
dc.subjectAnimal productionen_ZA
dc.subjectGenetic markers of robustnessen_ZA
dc.subjectMerino sheep -- South Africa -- Breeding programmeen_ZA
dc.titleExploration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to improve animal welfare by mean of genetic selection : lessons from the South African merinoen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyrighten_ZA


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