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Nutritional status of renal transplant patients

dc.contributor.authorDu Plessis, A. S.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorRandall, H.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorEscreet, E.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHoll, M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorConradie, M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMoosa, M. R.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorLabadarios, D.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHerselman, M. G.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2011-03-18T14:59:27Z
dc.date.available2011-03-18T14:59:27Z
dc.date.issued2002
dc.identifier.citationDu Plessis, A. S. et al. 2002. Nutritional status of renal transplant patients. South African Medical Journal, 92(1):68-74.
dc.identifier.issn2078-5135 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0256-9574 (print)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/7841
dc.descriptionCITATION: Du Plessis, A. S. et al. 2002. Nutritional status of renal transplant patients. South African Medical Journal, 92(1):68-74.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.samj.org.za
dc.description.abstractObjective. To assess the effect of renal transplantation on the nutritional status of patients. Design. Prospective descriptive study. Setting. Renal Transplant Clinic at Tygerberg Hospital, Western Cape. Subjects. Fifty-eight renal transplant patients from Tygerberg Hospital were enrolled in the study. The sample was divided into two groups of 29 patients each: group 1, less than 28 months post-transplant; and group 2, more than 28 months post-transplant. Outcome measures. Nutritional status assessment comprised biochemical evaluation, a dietary history, anthropometric measurements and a clinical examination. Results. Serum vitamin B6 levels were below normal in 56% of patients from group 1 and 59% from group 2. Vitamin B6 intake, however, was insufficient in only 14% of patients from group 1 and 10% from group 2. Serum vitamin C levels were below normal in 7% of patients from group 1 and 24% from group 2, while vitamin C intake was insufficient in 21% and 14% of patients from groups 1 and 2 respectively. Serum magnesium levels were below normal in 55% of patients from group 1, and in 28% from group 2. Serum albumin and cholesterol levels increased significantly during the post-transplant period in the total sample (P = 0.0001). There was also a significant increase in body mass index (P = 0.0001) during the post-transplant period. Conclusions. Several nutritional abnormalities were observed, which primarily reflect the side-effects of immunosuppressive therapy. The causes, consequences and treatment of the vitamin B6 and vitamin C deficiencies in renal transplant recipients need further investigation.
dc.format.extent7 pages
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherHealth & Medical Publishing Group
dc.subjectKidneys -- Diseases -- Nutritional aspectsen_ZA
dc.titleNutritional status of renal transplant patientsen_ZA
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionPublisher’s version
dc.rights.holderSouth African Medical Journal


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