Clinical and haematological problems associated with severe abruptio placentae

Odendaal H.J. ; Brink S. ; Steytler J.G. (1978)


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A clinical study was done of 80 patients in whom abruptio placentae was severe enough to cause intra-uterine death of the fetus. Central venous pressure was measured whenever possible to ensure adequate fluid replacement. Although the minority of the patients were shocked when admitted, blood replacement averaged 5 units per patient. The caesarean section incidence was 21%. Only 1 patient developed renal failure for which peritoneal dialysis was done. No maternal deaths occurred. Serial coagulation studies were done in 58 patients. Diffuse intravascular coagulation was present in the majority. After delivery of the fetus, however, tests became normal.

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