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Persistant left superior vena cava – the value of an agitated saline contrast study
(South African Heart Association, 2014)
A persistant left superior vena cava (PLSVC) draining to the coronary sinus (CS) is the most common venous anomaly of the thorax, affecting approximately 0.5% - 2% of the general population, and is present in up to 10% of ...
Tri-leaflet mitral valves – when lightning strikes thrice
(South African Heart Association, 2016)
ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Mitral valves are well known to be bi-leaflet structures with attachments from both leaflets (anterior and posterior) to both papillary muscles (anterolateral and posteromedial). Congenital abnormalities ...