Now showing items 1-10 of 162
Evaluating the BED capture enzyme immunoassay to estimate HIV incidence among adults in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa
Serological assays for estimating HIV-1 incidence are prone to misclassification, limiting the accuracy of the incidence estimate. Adjustment factors have been developed and recommended for estimating assay-based HIV-1 ...
The potential to transmit Mycobacterium tuberculosis at a South African tertiary teaching hospital.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of nosocomial transmission by confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients in a high TB/HIV incidence environment. METHODS: Between November 2006 and April 2007, we carried out a cross-sectional ...
Stereotactic proton beam therapy for intracranial arteriovenous malformations
Purpose: To investigate hypofractionated stereotactic proton therapy of predominantly large intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) by analyzing retrospectively the results from a cohort of patients. Methods and ...
Stereotactic proton beam therapy of skull base meningiomas
Purpose: To review outcomes for patients with skull base meningiomas treated using the stereotactic proton beam at the National Accelerator Center (NAC), Republic of South Africa. Methods and Materials: Since 1993, 27 ...
Management of life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis incidence
BACKGROUND: Emergency admissions with life-threatening haemoptysis in an area of high tuberculosis (TB) incidence at the University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, South Africa. It is unclear if lung ...
The diagnostic utility of adenosine deaminase isoenzymes in tuberculous pleural effusions
SETTING: Pleural adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels have been found to be useful in diagnosing tuberculous pleuritis. Elevated ADA levels have been attributed to ADA2 isoenzyme, although no comprehensive studies have evaluated ...
Cytokine production in patients with tuberculous pericarditis
SETTING: An academic hospital in the Western Cape, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cytokine production (interferon-gamma [IFN-γ], interleukin-1 [IL-1], interleukin-2 [IL-2], interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-10 [IL-10], ...
An intracytoplasmic sperm injection pregnancy with a globozoospermic male
[No abstract available]
Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 for treatment of open tibial fractures a prospective, controlled, randomized study of four hundred and fifty patients
Background: The treatment of open fractures of the tibial shaft is often complicated by delayed union and non-union. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the use of recombinant human bone ...
Traumatic dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint
We present four patients who had sustained a traumatic dislocation of the atlanto-occipital joint. The diagnosis was initially missed in two patients. One patient, who was neurologically intact, was treated non-operatively. ...