Now showing items 81-90 of 99
Antiretroviral therapy in children with tuberculosis: Progress toward defining the issues
[No abstract available]
Genome-wide analysis of the structure of the South African Coloured Population in the Western Cape
Admixed populations present unique opportunities to discover the genetic factors underlying many multifactorial diseases. The geographical position and complex history of South Africa has led to the establishment of the ...
Childhood tuberculosis: An emerging and previously neglected problem
Although awareness is growing, childhood tuberculosis (TB) remains a neglected disease in many resource-limited settings. In part this reflects operational difficulties, lack of visibility in official reports, as well as ...
Evaluation of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in a high HIV prevalence setting
Rationale: Xpert MTB/RIF is a novel automated molecular diagnostic recently endorsed by the World Health Organization. However, performance-related data from high HIV prevalence settings are limited. Objectives: The impact ...
Paradoxical tuberculosis associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome presenting with chylous ascites and chylothorax in a HIV-1 infected child
We present a case of tuberculosis (TB) paradoxical immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) complicated by chylous ascites and chylothorax in a HIV-infected child. There are few descriptions of TB IRIS in children. ...
Fetal general movements and brain sonography in a population at risk for preterm birth
Background: General movements (GMs) assessed three months post term are related to brain injury and neurological outcome. Aims: To study GMs in fetuses and their predictive value for echogenicity changes in the fetal brain. ...
General movements in the perinatal period and its relation to echogenicity changes in the brain
Background: In preterm born infants abnormal general movements (GMs) generally normalize before three months post term, but may persist when perinatal brain injury is present. Aims: To assess the continuity of GM quality ...
Morphometric dimensions of the human sperm head depend on the staining method used
Background Assessment of sperm morphology (including morphometry) is extensively used to determine one of the qualities of a semen sample and depends on the differential staining of spermatozoa. A staining technique should ...
Antiretroviral treatment for children with peripartum nevirapine exposure
Background: Single-dose nevirapine is the cornerstone of the regimen for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in resource-limited settings, but nevirapine frequently selects for ...
The implementation of a battery of in vivo and in vitro bioassays to assess river water for estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals
Previous research has shown that accurate evaluation of environmental water samples for estrogenic activity requires a panel of in vitro and in vivo bioassays, which are based on different molecular and cellular action ...