Now showing items 31-40 of 68
A patient with leonine facies and occult lung disease
[No abstract available]
High mortality from respiratory failure secondary to swine-origin influenza a (h1n1) in south africa
Background: The novel influenza A (H1N1) pandemic affected South Africa late during the 2009 Southern hemisphere winter and placed an extra burden on a health care system already dealing with a high prevalence of chronic ...
The diagnostic yield and safety of ultrasound-assisted transthoracic fine-needle aspiration of drowned lung
Background: Proximal lung tumors, though not discernable by means of transthoracic ultrasound (US), may cause varying degrees of pulmonary collapse and postobstructive pneumonitis which may give rise to a 'drowned lung' ...
Mobile phone radiation does not induce pro-apoptosis effects in human Spermatozoa
Recent reports suggest that mobile phone radiation may diminish male fertility. However, the effects of this radiation on human spermatozoa are largely unknown. The present study examined effects of the radiation on induction ...
Inferior quantitative and qualitative immune responses to pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in infants with nasopharyngeal colonization by Streptococcus pneumoniae during the primary series of immunization
Background: Heightened immunogenicity, measured one month after the primary series of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), in African children was previously hypothesized to be due to increased rates of nasopharyngeal ...
Lopinavir exposure is insufficient in children given double doses of lopinavir/ritonavir during rifampicin-based treatment for tuberculosis
Background: Coadministration of rifampicin dramatically reduces the concentrations of protease inhibitors. A pharmacokinetic study in healthy adults showed that doubling the dose of coformulated lopinavir/ritonavir was ...
Abnormal thyroid function tests in children on ethionamide treatment
Ethionamide (ETH) treatment may cause hypothyroidism. Clinical data, serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (fT4) levels were retrospectively assessed in 137 children receiving anti-tuberculosis treatment ...
Rapid intrapartum or postpartum HIV testing at a midwife obstetric unit and a district hospital in South Africa
Objective: To compare the prepartum and postpartum feasibility and acceptance of voluntary counseling and rapid testing (VCT) among women with unknown HIV status in South Africa. Methods: Eligible women were randomized ...
Renal manifestations in children co-infected with HIV and disseminated tuberculosis
Many children in Cape Town are co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB). Granulomatous TB interstitial nephritis is a recognized entity. Our objective was to establish if TB plays a role ...
The diagnostic value and safety of transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy in children with mediastinal lymphadenopathy
Introduction Anterior mediastinal masses in children can have different causes which includes, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) or malignant lymphadenopathy. Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) has been described as a ...