Now showing items 21-30 of 48
A patient with leonine facies and occult lung disease
[No abstract available]
Etiology and STI/HIV coinfections among patients with urethral and vaginal discharge syndromes in South Africa
Background: This study was undertaken to establish the etiology of the male urethral discharge (MUDS) and vaginal discharge (VDS) syndromes, to determine the prevalence of other sexually transmitted infections (STI) and ...
High mortality from respiratory failure secondary to swine-origin influenza a (h1n1) in south africa
Background: The novel influenza A (H1N1) pandemic affected South Africa late during the 2009 Southern hemisphere winter and placed an extra burden on a health care system already dealing with a high prevalence of chronic ...
Mobile phone radiation does not induce pro-apoptosis effects in human Spermatozoa
Recent reports suggest that mobile phone radiation may diminish male fertility. However, the effects of this radiation on human spermatozoa are largely unknown. The present study examined effects of the radiation on induction ...
Behaviour profiles after tuberculous meningitis
The purpose of the study was to investigate child behaviour in children who recovered from tuberculous meningitis (TBM) and to compare behaviour profiles of stage II and stage III patients. The mean age of the cohort of ...
Attention deficit hyperactivity and oppositional defiance disorder in HIV-infected South African children
Objective: To determine the prevalence of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiance disorder (ODD) in HIV-infected South African children. Methods: Swanson, Nolan and Pelham (SNAP-IV) ...
Lopinavir exposure is insufficient in children given double doses of lopinavir/ritonavir during rifampicin-based treatment for tuberculosis
Background: Coadministration of rifampicin dramatically reduces the concentrations of protease inhibitors. A pharmacokinetic study in healthy adults showed that doubling the dose of coformulated lopinavir/ritonavir was ...
Renal manifestations in children co-infected with HIV and disseminated tuberculosis
Many children in Cape Town are co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB). Granulomatous TB interstitial nephritis is a recognized entity. Our objective was to establish if TB plays a role ...
The diagnostic value and safety of transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy in children with mediastinal lymphadenopathy
Introduction Anterior mediastinal masses in children can have different causes which includes, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) or malignant lymphadenopathy. Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) has been described as a ...
Characterization of HIV type 1 genetic diversity among South African participants enrolled in the AIDS Vaccine Integrated Project (AVIP) Study
The genetic diversity of HIV-1 strains circulating among HIV-1-infected South Africans was investigated in a cohort of 420 individuals enrolled as part of the AIDS Vaccine Integrated Project (AVIP) study. Representative ...