Now showing items 11-20 of 68
Cytomorphological patterns of M. bovis BCG and M. tuberculosis on fine needle aspiration biopsies: Does HIV make a difference?
To determine if fine needle aspiration (FNAB) of mycobacterial lymphadenopathy can differentiate infection with M. bovis BCG (BCG) from M. tuberculosis (TB) and whether HIV status affects discriminatory cytological features. ...
Granular myringitis: Report of three prospective studies evaluating treatment options
[No abstract available]
Comparison of two active case-finding strategies for community-based diagnosis of symptomatic smear-positive tuberculosis and control of infectious tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe (DETECTB): A cluster-randomised trial
Background Control of tuberculosis in settings with high HIV prevalence is a pressing public health priority. We tested two active case-finding strategies to target long periods of infectiousness before diagnosis, which ...
Psychological distress among persons living with HIV, hypertension, and diabetes
It has been assumed that receipt of a diagnosis of HIV is a uniquely distressing event, more so than with any other illness. The present study compared the mean scores on the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, a measure of emotional ...
Iron status in children with recurrent episodes of tumefactive cerebral demyelination
Iron is a vital element in the multifactorial initiation of myelination. It is required for cholesterol and lipid biosynthesis, both key components of myelin. Iron also plays an important role in energy production by ...
Rapid on-site evaluation of transbronchial aspirates: Randomised comparison of two methods
The value of different staining methods for rapid analysis of transbronchial needle aspirates during bronchoscopy has not been explored. In the present study, we compared a Papanicolaou-based rapid stain, prepared by a ...
Monoclonal gammopathy and other serum protein electrophoresis patterns in patients with HIV infection in South Africa
Background: Monoclonal gammopathy has been noted with increased frequency in patients with HIV infection compared with the general population. The prevalence in patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) has not been widely ...